Adani Group Unveils Ambitious Plan to Build World’s Largest Copper Manufacturing Plant in Gujarat

The visionary project, spearheaded by Kutch Copper Ltd (KCL), a subsidiary of Adani Enterprises Ltd (AEL), will commence its first phase operations by March-end, with a full-scale capacity of 1 million tonnes projected by the fiscal year 2029. This strategic endeavor aligns with India's concerted efforts to emulate nations like China in rapidly expanding copper production, a crucial metal in the global shift away from fossil fuels.


Ahmedabad : The Gautam Adani-led Adani Group is set to revolutionize India’s copper industry with the construction of the world’s largest single-location copper manufacturing plant in Mundra, Gujarat. Paving the way for a significant reduction in India’s reliance on copper imports and bolstering the country’s energy transition initiatives, this USD 1.2-billion venture is poised to become a global leader in the copper business.

As the demand for copper intensifies, driven by the burgeoning electric vehicles (EVs), charging infrastructure, solar photovoltaics (PV), wind, and battery industries, Adani’s greenfield copper refinery project is poised to play a pivotal role. With a focus on becoming the world’s largest copper smelting complex by 2030, Adani Group leverages its strong presence in resource trading, logistics, renewable power, and infrastructure.

India’s per capita copper consumption, currently estimated at 0.6 kg, lags behind the global average of 3.2 kg. The nation’s drive towards clean energy systems, coupled with the increasing penetration of EVs and associated applications, is anticipated to double domestic copper demand by 2030. Adani’s substantial investment in the energy transition underscores the critical role copper will play, positioning the group strategically in adjacent areas of its existing capabilities.

Copper, the third most used industrial metal after steel and aluminum, is witnessing escalating demand from rapidly growing industries such as renewable energy, telecom, and electric vehicles. However, India’s domestic production has struggled to meet this demand, leading to a heightened dependency on imported copper, a trend that has persisted over the past five years.

In the fiscal year 2023, India imported a record 1,81,000 tonnes of copper, while exports plummeted to a historic low of 30,000 tonnes, exacerbating the import dependency. With the country estimated to have consumed 7,50,000 tonnes of copper in FY23 and projected to reach 1.7 million tonnes by 2027, the demand surge is particularly pronounced in the green energy sector.

Adani Group’s foray into copper manufacturing is a natural extension of its diverse business portfolio, encompassing trading, mining, logistics, infrastructure, and manufacturing. The west coast location of the plant provides Adani with a competitive advantage, facilitating seamless catering to both domestic and international markets.

Kutch Copper’s operations will yield valuable byproducts, including gold, silver, selenium, platinum, sulphuric acid, and phosphoric acid. The integrated complex will also produce 500,000 tonnes of refined copper per annum in Phase I, with a planned expansion to 1 million tonnes per annum in Phase II.

The construction of the copper complex is progressing rapidly, and the plant is expected to be operational in 2024. This development coincides with Vedanta Ltd’s efforts to reopen a long-shuttered copper plant in Tamil Nadu and Hindalco Industries Ltd currently operating the country’s largest copper smelter.

On the global front, the impact of Adani’s copper plant on copper concentrate prices is expected to be mitigated by increased operational assets resulting from India’s new exploration and auction policy. As mining projects worldwide gain momentum, a balance between demand and supply is anticipated in the medium term.

Kutch Copper is poised to emerge as one of the most efficient and sustainable copper smelters in India, with a commitment to lower greenhouse gas emissions. Adani Group’s emphasis on increasing the share of renewables in the energy mix aligns with the plant’s green copper initiative.

Engaging in long-term supply agreements for copper concentrate, coupled with its strategic location and an integrated value chain advantage, positions Kutch Copper to be one of the most sustainable and lowest-cost copper producers globally. Adhering to the group’s Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) priorities, the plant’s sustainable design ensures zero liquid discharge and explores avenues for utilizing byproducts in cement and other industries.

Globally, copper production is concentrated, with Chile and Peru accounting for 38% of world production. The anticipated demand growth during the energy transition underscores the global significance of such endeavors, with the United States projected to import up to two-thirds of its copper needs by 2035. Adani Group’s ambitious venture reflects a strategic step towards global leadership in the copper industry, contributing significantly to India’s self-reliance and sustainability goals.